Everything About NDA Exam: A Comprehensive Guide for Aspiring Military Officers

The National Defence Academy (NDA) exam is one of the most competitive and challenging entrance tests in India, attracting thousands of aspiring military officers every year. To succeed in this exam, you need to have a thorough understanding of the NDA syllabus and exam pattern. This blog post provides an in-depth overview of the NDA syllabus and exam pattern, along with NDA preparation tips for 2023 and frequently asked questions about the NDA exam.

NDA Syllabus Overview

The NDA syllabus is divided into two sections: written examination and SSB interview. Written examination is designed to test the candidate’s knowledge and understanding of various subjects, while the SSB interview is designed to test the candidate’s leadership and personality traits.

NDA Exam Syllabus

NDA Exam Pattern

The written examination consists of two papers: Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). Mathematics paper is designed to test the candidate’s mathematical abilities and is of 300 marks. The GAT paper is designed to test the candidate’s general knowledge and English and is of 600 marks.

Get Ahead in Your Preparation: A Comprehensive Guide to NDA Exam Syllabus 2023

Syllabus for NDA (National Defence Academy) 2023 is designed to test the mental and physical abilities of aspiring military officers. The syllabus covers a wide range of subjects, including English, General Knowledge, Mathematics, and General Science. Syllabus for NDA exam 2023 also includes a physical test that assesses the candidate’s physical fitness and endurance. The NDA syllabus for 2023 is as follows:

9
Mathematics: Matrices and Determinants, Algebra, Vector Algebra, Analytical Geometry of two and three dimensions, Trigonometry, Differential Calculus, Integral Calculus and Differential Equations.
9
English: Vocabulary, grammar and usage, comprehension and cohesiveness in the expanded text to assess the candidate’s proficiency in English.
9

General Knowledge: History, Freedom Movement, Geography, Economy, Culture, Current events and scientific research.

9
Physics: Physical world and measurement, Work, Laws of Motion, Kinematics, Energy and Power, Rotational Motion, Gravitation, Properties of Solids and Liquids, Thermodynamics, Perfect Gas Behavior and Kinetic Theory of Gases, Oscillations and Waves.
9
Chemistry: Basic concepts of Chemistry, Classification of Elements, Periodicity in Propertiesa and Structure of Atom, Molecular Structure and Chemical Bonding, States of Matter: Liquids and Gases, Equilibrium, Thermodynamics, Hydrogen, Redox Reactions, s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals), Some p-Block Elements, Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques and Hydrocarbons, Environmental Chemistry.
These are the main topics that are covered in the NDA syllabus for 2023. It is important for aspirants to understand the syllabus thoroughly and prepare for the exams accordingly.

Maximize Your Potential: Top NDA Preparation Tips for 2023

Here are some NDA preparation tips to help you succeed in 2023:

9
Understanding the Exam Pattern: It is important to have a clear understanding of the NDA exam pattern to know what to expect in the written and SSB interview.
9
Knowing the Syllabus: Make sure you are aware of the NDA syllabus for 2023 and study all the relevant topics to maximize your chances of success.
9

Practice Regularly: Consistent practice of NDA question papers, sample papers and mock tests is key to improving your speed and accuracy.

9

Time Management: During the exam, it is important to manage your time effectively and allocate equal time to all sections.

9

Revise Regularly: Regular revision is necessary to retain what you have learned and avoid forgetfulness.

9

Strengthen Weaknesses: Identify your weaknesses and work on improving them to increase your overall performance.

9

Physical Fitness: NDA is a physically demanding exam, so make sure you maintain your fitness and practice the physical activities regularly.

9
Mental Preparation: NDA is also a mentally challenging exam, so make sure you focus on mental preparation and relaxation techniques to stay calm and focused during the exam.
9
Take Expert Guidance: If you want to ace the NDA exam, it is recommended to take expert guidance from the best NDA coaching institute like NCA Academy.
9

Stay Motivated: Stay motivated and focused on your goal to clear the NDA exam and become an officer.

Subscribe Now for Free NDA Demo Lecture

Please enable JavaScript in your browser to complete this form.

Frequently Asked Questions on NDA Exam 2023

NDA Exam 2023

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What is the NDA entrance exam?

    The National Defence Academy (NDA) entrance exam is a highly competitive and challenging examination held by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for aspiring military officers in India. This NDA exam is conducted twice a year and is considered to be one of the toughest entrance exams in India. The NDA entrance exam is a written examination that tests the aspirants on their knowledge of mathematics, general knowledge, and English. Candidates who clear the written examination are then called for a Service Selection Board (SSB) interview. The SSB interview is a comprehensive evaluation of the candidate’s overall personality, including his/her leadership skills, physical and mental ability, and general awareness. Upon clearing both the written and SSB interview, the candidates are admitted to the National Defence Academy for a three-year course and further training to become officers in the Indian Armed Forces.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What is the age limit for NDA exam?

    The age limit for NDA exam is between 16.5 years to 19.5 years at the date of commencement of the course.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What is the NDA syllabus for 2023?

    The NDA (National Defence Academy) syllabus for 2023 consists of two stages: written examination and SSB (Service Selection Board) interview. Written examination consists of two papers: Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT).

    Mathematics paper consists of questions on Algebra, Trigonometry, Statistics, and Probability, while the GAT paper consists of questions on English, General Science, History, Geography, and Current Events.

    The SSB interview stage consists of a series of tests to assess a candidate’s psychological, physical and intelligence abilities. Tests include a series of group tasks, individual tasks, interviews, and a Conference. The NDA syllabus focuses on a candidate’s overall development, including physical, mental and intellectual abilities.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What is the NDA exam pattern?

    The NDA exam pattern consists of two stages: written examination and Service Selection Board (SSB) Interview.

    Written examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and consists of two papers:

    1. Mathematics – This paper consists of 120 questions of objective type on algebra, trigonometry, geometry, statistics, and probability.
    2. General Ability Test (GAT) – This paper consists of 150 questions of objective type on English, general knowledge and current events.

    The Service Selection Board (SSB) Interview is the second stage of the NDA examination. It is a five-day process and includes various tests like Psychological Tests, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Interview, and Conference. The SSB Interview is designed to test the candidate’s leadership, initiative, intelligence, and character.
    After clearing both stages, the candidate’s medical fitness is also checked. Those who clear all the stages are finally admitted to the National Defence Academy (NDA) for training.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    How important is the SSB interview in NDA exam?

    The SSB interview is a very important part of the NDA exam as it accounts for a significant portion of the final selection process. SSB interview evaluates an applicant’s personality, leadership potential, communication skills, and overall suitability for a career in the armed forces. Interview process includes various tests and activities that help assess the candidates in different areas, including physical and mental aptitude, social skills, and leadership potential. The SSB interview is a comprehensive evaluation of an applicant’s suitability for a career in the armed forces and carries a lot of weight in the final selection process.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    Are there any online resources available for NDA preparation?

    Yes, there are several online resources available for NDA preparation. However, it is important to choose the best NDA coaching institute in India to get the most comprehensive and effective preparation. NCA Academy, the best NDA coaching institute in India, provides an online platform for NDA preparation that includes video lessons, online tests, and comprehensive study material to help you ace the NDA exam. With NCA Academy, you have access to the best online resources for NDA preparation and the guidance and support of expert trainers and teachers.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What is the fee structure for NDA coaching in India?

    The fee structure for NDA coaching in India varies from institute to institute. At NCA Academy, one of the best NDA coaching institutes in India, the fee structure is very reasonable and affordable for everyone. They have a transparent fee structure, and their aim is to provide quality education and guidance to their students, not just to make profits. Their fee includes comprehensive course material, regular mock tests, and expert guidance from experienced teachers. The exact fee can be discussed with the institute directly.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What are the physical tests in NDA exam?

    The physical tests in NDA exam include:

    • Physical Fitness Test: The test assesses your overall physical fitness, including your ability to run, jump, and perform other physical activities.
    • Medical Examination: This test is conducted to check your medical fitness and determine if you are physically fit to join the Indian military.
    • Officer Potentiality Test: This test assesses your personality traits and leadership qualities, to determine if you have the potential to become an officer.
    • Group Testing Officer Tasks: This test involves a series of group tasks and activities, which assess your ability to work in a team and display leadership skills.
    • Interview: This is the final stage of the SSB interview, where a board of officers will evaluate your performance during the physical tests and group tasks, and conduct an interview to assess your personality and leadership qualities.
  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    Who can apply for the NDA exam?

    The National Defence Academy (NDA) exam is open to Indian citizens who meet the following eligibility criteria:

    1. Age: The candidate must be between 16.5 and 19.5 years of age on the first day of the month in which he is admitted to the Academy.
    2. Education: The candidate must have passed Class 12th or its equivalent examination from a recognized board or university.
    3. Nationality: The candidate must be an Indian citizen.
    4. Physical Fitness: The candidate must be physically fit as per the physical standards set by the Indian Army.
    5. Marital Status: The candidate must be unmarried.
    6. Gender: Only male candidates are eligible to apply for the NDA exam.
    7. Reservation: Reservation is available for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes.
  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What is the educational qualification required for NDA exam?

    The educational qualification required for NDA exam is the candidate must have completed 10+2 or equivalent from a recognized board or university. However, for the Army wing, the candidate must have completed 10+2 in any stream while for the Air Force and Naval wings, the candidate must have completed 10+2 with Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What are the sections in the written test of NDA exam?

    The written test of the NDA exam consists of two sections:

    • Mathematics: This section includes questions on topics such as Algebra, Trigonometry, Matrices and Determinants, Analytical Geometry, Differential Calculus, Integral Calculus and Differential Equations.
    • General Ability Test (GAT): This section includes questions on English, General Knowledge, and Current Affairs. It is designed to test the candidate’s knowledge, intelligence and general awareness of the world around them. The GAT section includes questions on English comprehension, vocabulary, and grammar, as well as general knowledge questions on physics, chemistry, biology, geography, history, and current events.
  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    How is the NDA written test evaluated?

    The NDA written test is evaluated by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Written test is divided into two sections, Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). Each section is evaluated separately and marks are awarded based on the number of correct answers and the difficulty level of the questions. The marks obtained in the written test are used for the final selection process, along with the marks obtained in the SSB interview and physical tests. Marks from the written test are given more weightage than the marks from the SSB interview and physical tests, so it is important to perform well in the written test.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What is the SSB interview process for NDA exam?

    SSB (Services Selection Board) interview process for the NDA (National Defence Academy) exam is a 5-day long evaluation process designed to test the candidate’s personality, leadership qualities, and other physical and mental traits that are essential for a military career. The process consists of the following steps:

    Day 1:

    • Screening test
    • Psychological testing
    • Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT)

    Day 2:

    • Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) test
    • Group Testing Officer Tasks (GTO)
    • Group Discussion (GD)

    Day 3:

    • Group Planning Exercise (GPE)
    • Progressive Group Tasks (PGT)
    • Group Obstacle Race (GOR)

    Day 4:

    • Half Group Task (HGT)
    • Individual Obstacle Race (IOR)
    • Command Task (CT)
    • Final Group Task (FGT)

    Day 5:

    • Interview with the psychologist and a group testing officer
    • Personal Interview with the President of the Board

    The candidates who clear all the stages of the SSB interview are recommended for training at the National Defence Academy

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What are the steps involved in SSB interview?

    The SSB interview for the NDA exam consists of the following steps:

    1. Screening Test: This is the first stage of the SSB interview process, where the candidates are evaluated for their eligibility for the post. It includes tests like picture perception and description test, word association test, and situation reaction test.
    2. Psychological Tests: This stage includes a series of psychological tests such as the thematic apperception test, word association test, and situation reaction test. These tests are designed to evaluate the candidate’s personality, intelligence, and mental aptitude.
    3. Group Testing Officer (GTO) Tasks: The GTO tasks include outdoor group tasks like group discussion, obstacle race, group obstacle, and command task. The aim of these tasks is to evaluate the candidate’s leadership skills, teamwork, and physical endurance.
    4. Personal Interview: This is the final stage of the SSB interview, where the candidate is evaluated by a panel of officers. The candidate asks questions related to their educational background, personal life, career aspirations, and motivation.
    5. Conference: The conference is the final stage of the SSB interview, where the final decision is taken based on the candidate’s performance in all the previous stages. The conference is conducted by the board of officers, and the final merit list is prepared based on the marks obtained by the candidate in each stage.
  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What are the physical standards required for NDA exam?

    The physical standards required for the NDA exam are as follows:

    1. Height: A minimum height of 157.5 cm is required for male candidates.
    2. Weight: Candidates must have a proportionate weight as per their height.
    3. Chest: Chest should be well-proportioned and a minimum of 81 cm when fully expanded.
    4. Vision: Candidates must have a good vision in both eyes. Those who wear spectacles can also apply.
    5. Physical Fitness: Candidates must be physically fit and pass the medical examination conducted by the Army Medical Corps.
    6. Physical Activities: Candidates must be able to perform various physical activities such as running, swimming, horse riding, and others.

    These are the basic physical standards required for the NDA exam. The standards are set to ensure that the candidates are physically fit to serve the Indian Army and perform their duties with ease.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    How can I prepare for NDA exam?

    To prepare for the NDA exam, it is important to have a strong foundation in Maths, English, General Knowledge, and current affairs. Additionally, physical fitness and mental toughness play an important role in the selection process. To ace the exam, it is recommended to join NCA Academy, the best NDA Coaching institute, where you can receive personalized guidance and practice tests to help you achieve your goal. With NCA Academy’s expert faculty, you will get a comprehensive study plan and resources to help you stay focused and motivated throughout your preparation. Join NCA Academy now to take your NDA preparation to the next level!

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What is the strategy for clearing NDA exam?

    The strategy for clearing the NDA exam would differ for each individual based on their strengths and weaknesses. However, here are some general tips that can be helpful:

    • Be thorough with the NDA syllabus and exam pattern.
    • Start preparing early and practice consistently.
    • Develop strong basic concepts in Maths and Science.
    • Regularly practice and revise the syllabus.
    • Stay updated with current affairs and General Knowledge.
    • Focus on speed and accuracy during practice sessions.
    • Join mock test series to improve your performance.
    • Evaluate your progress regularly and identify areas to improve.
    • Stay motivated and focused during the preparation.
    • Finally, join a reputed NDA coaching institute like NCA Academy for best NDA Coaching to receive guidance and support during the preparation.
  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    How can I improve my speed and accuracy in NDA written test?

    To improve your speed and accuracy in the NDA written test, you should follow these tips:

    • Practice regularly: Regular practice is the key to improving your speed and accuracy. Practice solving questions from different topics and time yourself to track your progress.
    • Use study materials: Use study materials that provide sample questions, answers, and solutions. This will help you understand the types of questions asked in the exam and improve your accuracy.
    • Focus on accuracy first: In the beginning, focus on accuracy rather than speed. Make sure that you are solving the questions correctly before moving on to speed improvement.
    • Take mock tests: Taking mock tests will help you identify your strengths and weaknesses and help you improve your speed and accuracy.
    • Use mind maps: Mind maps help you visualise and understand the concepts better. This will increase your accuracy and speed in solving questions.
    • Identify your weaknesses: Identify your weak areas and focus on improving them. This will help you increase your accuracy in those areas.
    • Join best NDA coaching: Joining NCA Academy, the best NDA Coaching, will give you access to the best resources and study materials to help you improve your speed and accuracy.
  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    How can I prepare for SSB interview for NDA exam?

    To prepare for the SSB interview for NDA exam, the following steps can be helpful:

    1. Familiarize yourself with the SSB process and what to expect during the interview.
    2. Practice common interview questions and be prepared to answer questions related to your background, interests, motivation, and personality.
    3. Improve your communication skills, both verbal and nonverbal, by practicing with family, friends, or a mentor.
    4. Work on your body language and posture to ensure a confident and positive first impression.
    5. Read up on current events and be well-informed about the latest developments in the world of politics, sports, and social issues.
    6. Develop a healthy and active lifestyle to improve physical fitness, which is an important aspect of the SSB interview.
    7. Stay calm, relaxed, and composed during the interview and be confident in your abilities.
    8. Join NCA Academy for the best SSB coaching in India and get expert guidance and support for your NDA interview preparation.
  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What are the most common mistakes candidates make in NDA exam?

    Candidates make several mistakes during the NDA exam, some of the most common ones are:

    • Not understanding the syllabus and exam pattern properly.
    • Not practicing enough mock tests and previous year papers.
    • Neglecting physical fitness and not preparing for the physical tests.
    • Not preparing well for the SSB interview.
    • Not paying attention to current affairs and general knowledge.
    • Not taking adequate breaks and burning out.
    • Not paying enough attention to time management during the written test.
    • Not reviewing their mistakes and focusing on areas of improvement.
    • Overconfident attitude leading to neglect of preparation.
    • Not being well-versed in English language and mathematics

    It is important to be aware of these common mistakes and avoid them during your preparation for NDA exam.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    How can I manage time during NDA exam?

    Time management during NDA exam is a crucial aspect of the preparation process. Here are some tips to help you manage time effectively during the NDA exam:

    1. Make a study schedule: Plan your study time effectively and allocate time for each subject and topic. Make sure you stick to the schedule and complete all the topics in the given time frame.
    2. Practice previous year papers: Practice previous year papers to get a better idea of the type of questions asked, the level of difficulty and the time required to solve each question. This will help you manage your time during the actual exam.
    3. Improve speed and accuracy: Regular practice of mock tests and sample papers will help you improve your speed and accuracy. This will save you valuable time during the actual exam.
    4. Know the exam pattern: Familiarize yourself with the NDA exam pattern, the type of questions asked, and the number of questions in each section. This will help you plan your time during the exam more effectively.
    5. Prioritize: In the exam, prioritize questions based on their difficulty level and your strengths. Solve the easy questions first, and then move on to the more challenging ones.
    6. Avoid spending too much time on one question: If you are stuck on a question, move on to the next one instead of spending too much time on it. This will help you utilize your time effectively during the exam.
    7. Take breaks: Taking short breaks between the sections of the exam can help you recharge and maintain focus.
      In conclusion, time management is a key aspect of the NDA exam preparation process. By following these tips, you can improve your time management skills and utilize your time effectively during the exam.
  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    How many times can I appear for NDA exam?

    Candidates can appear for the NDA exam twice in a year, but the age limit is restricted to the age of 19-24 years. The number of attempts available to a candidate is limited by the upper age limit of the candidate. It is recommended to use the attempts wisely and prepare thoroughly before appearing for the exam.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What is the training duration for NDA cadets?

    The training duration for NDA cadets is of 2 years and 6 months. This includes training at the National Defence Academy (NDA) in Pune and then, the Indian Military Academy (IMA) in Dehradun for further military training. The training is designed to impart theoretical and practical knowledge to the cadets and prepare them for their future roles in the Indian Armed Forces.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What is the future career prospects for NDA graduates?

    The future career prospects for NDA graduates are bright and varied. Upon completion of training, NDA graduates are commissioned as officers in the Indian Army, Navy or Air Force, depending on the branch they opt for. They can serve in different capacities such as infantry, artillery, signals, engineering, and many more. NDA graduates can also choose to pursue further studies and research or take up teaching and lecturing opportunities in defence colleges and institutions. Apart from this, they also have the option of moving into the private sector after retirement from the armed forces.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What is passing marks in NDA?

    The passing marks in NDA exam are determined by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) which conducts the NDA examination. Minimum qualifying marks for the written test is set at approximately 30% of the total marks. However, the final selection is based on the marks obtained in both the written test and the SSB interview. It is important to note that the passing marks may vary from year to year and candidates are advised to check the official notification for the latest information.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    What is a good score in NDA?

    A good score in NDA exam varies depending on the number of candidates appearing for the exam and the level of difficulty of the paper. Generally, a score of around 400-450 out of 900 marks is considered a good score in NDA written test. However, the final selection for NDA is based on the overall performance in both the written test and the SSB interview.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    How many students pass NDA every year?

    The exact number of students who pass the NDA exam every year varies. It depends on the number of candidates appearing for the exam, the level of difficulty of the exam, and various other factors. This information is not publicly available, but it is estimated that only a small percentage of candidates who appear for the NDA exam are able to clear it.

  • image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
    How many wings come under NDA?

    The National Defence Academy (NDA) has three wings: Army, Navy and Air Force. Each wing has its own unique training program and objectives, but all three aim to produce highly skilled and motivated officers for the Indian Armed Forces.

    1. Army Wing: This wing trains cadets for the Indian Army. Cadets receive training in weapons handling, field craft, tactics, physical fitness and leadership. The focus is on developing the cadets into well-rounded officers who can lead and motivate their troops in battle.
    2. Navy Wing: This wing trains cadets for the Indian Navy. Cadets receive training in seamanship, navigation, ship-handling, communication and leadership. The focus is on developing the cadets into effective naval officers who can operate ships and submarines in a safe and efficient manner.
    3. Air Force Wing: This wing trains cadets for the Indian Air Force. Cadets receive training in aerodynamics, air navigation, air-to-air combat, air-to-ground combat, physical fitness and leadership. The focus is on developing the cadets into highly skilled air force officers who can operate fighter jets and transport aircraft with confidence and efficiency.