40 Years Of Islamic Revolution Iran

Iranians attend a ceremony celebrating the 40th anniversary of the Islamic Revolution as one of them holds a portrait of the late revolutionary founder Ayatollah Khomeini, at the Azadi, Freedom, Square in Tehran, Iran, Monday, Feb. 11, 2019. Hundreds of thousands of people poured out onto the streets of Tehran and other cities and towns across Iran, marking the date 40 years ago that is considered victory day in the country’s 1979 Islamic Revolution. (AP Photo/Vahid Salemi)

In February,2019 The 40th Year Of The Completion Of The Iranian Revolution Was Celebrated In Iran The Revolution In Iran Began With A Popular Democracy Movement And Ended With The Establishment Of The World’s First Islamic State. Background
By The End Of The Second World War, The United States, Provided Iran With Economic And Political Support In Return For Their Crude Oil Resources.
Mohammad Mossadegh’s National Front Became The First Democratically –Elected Iranian Government In 1951.
Mossadegh Was A Modern ,Secular Leaning Progressive Leader Who Was Able To Gain The Broad Support Of Both ,The Secular Elite And The Iranian Ulama(Religious Scholar).
Mossadegh Made A Bold Move To Address The Issue Of Exploitation Of Ersian Oil By Western Powers Through Nationalizing The Previously British-Owned Anglo Iranian Oil Company (AIOC) This Did Not Work Out In His Favor And In 1953 Mossadegh Was Replaced In A Military Coup.
As A Result Shah (King) Reza Pahlavi (Reigning Monarch Of Iran) Was Returned To Power And The Anglo –British Petroleum ,With A 50-50 Divide Of Profits.
Between 1953 And 1977,The Shah Relied Heavily On The US In His Efforts To Modernize The Army. Iranian Society And Build The Economy. Though His Economic Program Brought Prosperity And Industrialization To Iran And Educational Initiatives Increased Literacy Levels, This All Came At A Hefty Cost.
Wealth Was Unequally Distributed, There Was A Development Of An Underclass Of Peasants Migrating To Urban Centers And Large Scale Political Suppression Of Dissent.
Disillusioned Religious Scholars Were Alarmed At The Top Down Imposition Of A Western Lifestyle, Believing Islam Was Being Completely Removed From Society.
In The Above Context Ayatollah Khomeini Led The Revolution In 1978-79 To Topple The Regime Of Shah.
In The End He Emerged Victorious And The Shah’s Regime Came To The End. The Revolution Came To Be Known As The Iranian Revolution.
Impact Of The Revolution
The Revolution Was A Watershed Event That Not Only Transformed Iran Completely, But Also Had Far –Reaching Consequences For The World.
It Caused A Deep Shift In Cold War And Global Geopolitics As US Not Only Lost A Key Strategic Ally Against The Communist Threat, But It Also Gained A New Enemy.
Was The Revolution A Success?
From The Perspective Of Longevity The Revolution Still Stands. It Has Managed To Survive Four Decades, Including The Eight-Year Iran-Iraq War As Well As Decades Of Economic Sanctions ,Comparatively ,The Taliban’s Attempt At Establishing An Islamic State Only Lasted Five Years.
Khomeini And His Supporters Had Promised To End The Gap Between The Rich And The Poor ,And Deliver Economic And Social Progress.
However, The Iranian Economy Is In Poor Shape, Despite The Oil Revenues That Holds Back The Economy From The Brink Of Collapse.
Although There Is Still Significant Support For The Current Regime, A Significant Proportion Of Iranians Want More Freedoms. There Are Growing Demands For Economic, Social And Political Reforms As Well.
Most Iranians Blame The Failures Of The Revolution On The Never-Ending US Sanctions. Even Though Iran Trades With European Powers, China, Russia And India ,They Believe The West Does Not Want Iran To Succeed At All Costs